Special education dictionary definition | special education defined
The strides made in special education advocacy and policy have come far. Primarily established through the Education for All Handicapped Children Act , the law was later amended into the Individuals with Disabilities with Education Act of The goal of EHA was to ensure children with disabilities gained access to a free and appropriate public education. This law provided local and statewide support and protection to children and youth with disabilities, as well as their families. Schools were required to evaluate children and create an educational plan that paralleled the academic experience of their non-disabled peers.
EHA requirements also provided parents and families the necessary support systems to ensure their child received appropriate and adequate services, along with the services needed to dispute decisions made on behalf of the child. The amendments made in IDEA provide children and youth with disabilities access to a higher quality of education-related services, ensuring all students the complete access to the most appropriate education within the least restrictive environment. Above all, these federal provisions enacted by IDEA ensure that all children with disabilities are provided with the adequate services and resources necessary for them to succeed within and beyond the educational system alongside their non-disabled peers.
The umbrella term of special education broadly identifies the academic, physical, cognitive, and social-emotional instruction offered to children who are faced with one or more disabilities. Under the IDEA, these disabilities are categorized into the following areas:. Autism Spectrum Disorder refers to a developmental disability that significantly affects communication both verbal and nonverbal and social interaction.
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Deaf-blindness refers to concomitant visual and hearing impairments. This combination causes severe communication, developmental and educational needs that cannot be accommodated through special education programs solely for those children with blindness or deafness. Developmental delay is a term designated for children birth to age nine, and is defined as a delay in one or more of the following areas: cognitive development, physical development, socio-emotional development, behavioral development or communication.
Children with multiple disabilities are those with concomitant impairments such as intellectual disability and blindness or intellectual disability and orthopedic impairment s.
This combination causes severe educational needs that cannot be met through programs designed for children with a single impairment. Deaf-blindness is not identified as a multiple disability and is outlined separately by IDEA. Related services are those services required for the student to benefit from his or her special education program and may include psychological and counseling services, language, speech, and hearing, transportation, assistive technology, physical and occupational therapy, and medical services that are required for diagnostic or evaluation purposes.
To be eligible for special education: The child must have an identified disability; The disability must adversely negatively affect the child's educational performance; and The child must require a specially designed instructional program.
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Eligibility Categories DoDEA recognizes clearly defined categories of disabilities with specific criteria for determining eligibility. Educational Services Decisions regarding the type of special education services to be provided and the educational placement for the provision of such services is based upon a student's individual need.
Services are provided in the least restrictive environment for each student and may include: Consultation provided by special educators to the general education teacher; Collaborative instruction in the general education classroom through co-teaching by the general and special education teachers; and Instruction in the special education classroom for part or all of the school day.
Related Services Related services are those services required for the student to benefit from his or her special education program and may include psychological and counseling services, language, speech, and hearing, transportation, assistive technology, physical and occupational therapy, and medical services that are required for diagnostic or evaluation purposes.
Section of the Rehabilitation Act of is a federal civil rights law which prohibits discrimination against students based on disability. Section ensures that students with disabilities have equal access to educational programs, services, and activities.
Special education is governed by the IDEA. Special Education is different from Section because special education requires school districts to provide eligible students with specially designed instruction in accordance with an IEP.
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Learn more about Section of the Rehabilitation Act of Parents and students have numerous rights under special education law. School districts are required to give a copy of this document to the students and their families who are receiving special education services.
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Learn more about the Procedural Safeguards. The Parent Liaison is a neutral party who advocates for a fair process.
The Parent Liaison is often called upon when parents want to understand more about the special education process and are seeking assistance in resolving disagreements with school districts about special education services. Old Capitol Building P.